In 8th grade, students read and understand a variety of informational texts including essays, speeches, biographies, and other types of historical, scientific, and technical material. Students also read and understand a wide range of literature such as stories, plays, and poems from across cultures and time periods. In writing and class discussions, 8th graders continue to gather information from multiple sources, and evaluate whether the sources are credible and accurate. Students write both short, focused compositions, and longer papers that involve research, reflection, and revision over time.
Read rich and challenging 8th grade level texts closely, proficiently, and independently.
Some sample texts for 8th graders:
Little Women, by Louisa May Alcott
Black Ships Before Troy: The Story of the Iliad, by Rosemary Sutcliff
The Diary of Anne Frank: A Play, by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett
“The Book of Questions,” by Pablo Neruda
“Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat: Address to Parliament on May 13th, 1940” by Winston Churchill
Math Trek: Adventures in the Math Zone, by Ivars Peterson and Nancy Henderson
Cite evidence that best supports what a literary or informational text says, as well as what it implies or suggests.
Analyze the way an author develops the theme or central idea of a text, noting how the characters, setting, and plot are connected. Summarize the text objectively.
Outline the argument and specific claims in a text. Evaluate whether the reasoning is sound and whether there is enough relevant and meaningful evidence to support the claims. Note when evidence may be irrelevant or misleading.
Read and understand 8th grade vocabulary, and determine how an author’s word choices, including the use of analogies and allusion, impact the meaning and tone of a text.
An analogy is a comparison of two different things that have some similarities. (When your child moved to town, they were a fish out of water.)
An allusion is a reference to a person, place, or event. (He has a Midas touch is a reference to the Greek myth of King Midas, whose touch turned everything to gold.)
Tip: Discuss Outside Sources
Most stories, written or media-based, are full of allusions, or references to outside knowledge. Parents can play a big role in helping their child understand the connections these allusions are making. Discuss these outside references and how you think they add to the understanding and enjoyment of the story in question.
How you can help your child continue to master reading and writing skills outside of the classroom.
Use different strategies to understand new words and phrases; for example, use context as a clue; use common Greek and Latin roots as a clue; consult a dictionary online or in print.
Examples of common Greek roots: biblio (book) as in bibliography; therm (heat) as in thermometer.
Examples of common Latin roots: aqua (water), as in aquarium; cent (hundred), as in century.
Write arguments that state a claim, differentiate the claim from alternate or opposing views, and support the claim with reasons and evidence from accurate and credible sources.
Write informative or explanatory papers that examine a topic and express ideas by carefully selecting and analyzing information. Use facts, details, and other information to develop the topic.
Write stories or narratives about real or imaginary experiences. Establish a context and point of view, and develop story elements such as characters, a well-sequenced plot, and descriptive details.
Include evidence from text to support thinking and research.
Tip: Suggest Writing Projects
Suggest some writing projects for your child that would be of interest to the entire family. Perhaps he could research and write about some aspect of your family’s history, using personal interviews, books, and online information. He could share what he writes with other family members.
Use technology to produce and publish writing, and to work with others on writing.
Use basic rules of English grammar, capitalization, punctuation, and spelling in written work.
For example, use a comma, dash, or ellipsis (…) to indicate a pause.
Use verbs in the active and passive voices (Active: He is eating chicken. Passive: Chicken is being eaten by him.)
Participate in class discussions about complex 8th-grade topics, texts, and issues. Be prepared to refer to evidence in a text when discussing ideas, and be open to explaining and modifying a viewpoint in response to the ideas of others.
Listen to another speaker’s argument and evaluate whether the claims are based on sound reasoning and evidence, identifying evidence that is irrelevant or unrelated.
Give a well-organized presentation to construct an argument or explain a research finding, highlighting the key points and supporting with evidence clearly.
Tip: Encourage Accurate Descriptions
Word precision becomes more important as teens move through middle and high school. Encourage your child to regularly describe items, locations, and events to you. Identify words that you find vague in these descriptions and ask him to think of better, more descriptive, or more accurate words to express what he is thinking.
Conduct short research projects to answer a research question, including a self-created question. Gather information from print and online sources, and generate additional questions for further exploration.
Locate information efficiently; use effective search terms online.
Evaluate whether sources are accurate and can be trusted. Quote or paraphrase material correctly without plagiarizing or copying. Cite sources appropriately.