In 1st grade, children learn to “blend” the sounds of single letters and pairs of letters into words that they can read and write. First-graders learn to read and understand simple illustrated books and stories, articles, and other sources of information. They learn to write short words, and combine them into sentences, to describe an event, give information, or share an opinion. First graders will learn to think carefully about what they have read and to express their thinking in writing and in discussions.
Understand and use many new words when reading, writing, listening and speaking.
Words that have more than one meaning (a bat can be a flying mammal or - a club used to hit a baseball)
Words that are used to show shades of meaning (look, peek, stare).
Words that are used to show different levels of intensity (mad, furious; large, gigantic; tired, exhausted).
Vocabulary related to science (grow, liquid, material, etc.) and math (subtract, total, compare, etc.).
Quickly read words that appear frequently in texts “by sight”.
Words like: that, when, were, because, said, and where.
Some words are used so often in print that they must be recognized easily and quickly.
Your child’s teacher will have lists of these “high frequency words” that your child can practice.
Use phonics (matching letters and sounds) and other reading skills to read unfamiliar words.
Identify sounds at the beginning, in the middle, and at the end of a spoken or a written three-letter one-syllable word: What sound is at the beginning of the word “mop”? What sound is at the end of the word “pet”? What sound is in the middle of the word “dig”? Be able to identify the letters that make those sounds.
Combine, or blend, the sounds of the first, middle, and ending letters of common three-letter, consonant-vowel-consonant, words to read and understand them – for example: combining or “blending” the sounds made by the letters c-a-t makes the word cat.
Use word patterns (If I can read “like”, I know how to read “hike”) and context (What word would make sense in this sentence?) to figure out unknown words.
Know the sounds made by the most common pairs of consonants in which the sounds of both letters can be heard – for example: bl, br, cl, cr, dr, fl, fr, gl, gr, pl, pr, sc/sk, sl, sm, sn, sp, spl, spr, st, str, tr, tw. Identify words that start with these consonant pairs – for example, black, crayon, play, etc.
Know the sounds made by the most common two-consonant combinations in which the letters combine to make a single sound: ch, ph, sh, th, wh. Identify words that start with these consonant pairs – for example, cherry, shirt, think, etc.
Read 1st-grade level text with purpose and understanding.
Ask and answer questions about the main characters, major events, and the setting of a story, using key details from the text and illustrations.
What or who is this story about? Where does the story take place? What is the problem in the story? How is that problem solved?
What words in the story tell you how the main character is feeling?
How are these two characters alike? What, in the story, makes you think so?
What does this illustration tell us about this character? Why do you think so?
How you can help your child develop reading and writing skills outside of the classroom.
Retell a story, including key details, and explain its central message or lesson.
Identify the main topic and key details of informational texts (articles, books about science or social studies topics, etc.).
What is this book about? What is the writer trying to explain? How does the writer explain that? What facts and examples does the writer give?
Use basic rules of English capitalization and punctuation.
Capitalizing the first word in a sentence, the pronoun “I”, and the names of people, days, and months
Ending sentences with a period, question mark, or exclamation point.
Print letters of the alphabet, upper case (capital letters) and lower case. Spell unfamiliar words phonetically (by sound).
Write a real or imagined story putting events in order, including details and some sense of closure.
Write a short informational piece on a topic, stating a main idea, including some facts and a closing.
Write to share an opinion about a topic or text, clearly stating the opinion and a reason for it.
Work with others to gather facts and information on a topic.
Practice expressing thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly and in complete sentences, using basic rules of spoken English.
Participate in conversations about topics and texts being studied, following agreed upon rules (listening to others, speaking one at a time), responding to the comments of others and asking questions to clear up any confusion.
Actively engage with rich and challenging texts through read-alouds and shared reading.
"Mix a Pancake," by Christina G. Rossetti
Mr. Popper’s Penguins, by Richard Atwater
Frog and Toad Together, by Arnold Lobel
Hi! Fly Guy, by Tedd Arnold
A Tree Is a Plant, by Clyde Robert Bulla
Starfish, by Edith Thacher Hurd
From Seed to Pumpkin, by Wendy Pfeffer